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December 10, 2008
PROF. HR NAGENDRA,
SVYASA, Bangalore, India
Samadhi is absorption, also known as superconsciousness. What is that Samadhi? Samyak adhiyate athi samadhi. In all our transactions there are three aspects. Triputi; the seer, seen and the process of seeing. Hearing, the person who hears, the object of hearing and the process of hearing. Subject, object and verb, interaction. Even in meditation there is the meditator, meditated and the process of meditation. Therefore upto Dhyana the Triputi continues, the trifold process continues. But in Samadhi, the seer becomes one with the seeing and that is called absorption, that’s called Samadhi, Samyekadhiyate Yathisamadhi. First time we have gone to a beautiful place, a beach which have vast expansive ocean. As soon as you come in touch with that ocean when you see that vast expansive ocean your eyes are coming in touch with a wonderful scenario and maybe for a short time you are completely lost in it. I used to be in Kanyakumari almost 12 years and the southernmost tip of our Indian mainland the 3 oceans come to join there and people are fascinated. Every morning they will come to watch the sunrise and as they start coming they ask where should I go. Their directions they come at the cross they are exposed to the vast ocean. Then I used to watch them, what do they do? Often they get lost. They come to see the ocean, I ask them what happened to you, you have closed your eyes. I also rub them who was almost like this for 7 minutes, then what were you doing there, what were you thinking, you must have thought of some of your problems of the house. Non, no sir, no, no sir. Then were you feeling the sandy bed. No sir. Then were you aware of the body. No. Probably you must be seeing that wonderful rock memorial there. No sir even that I am not. Then what were you doing? I don’t know, I don’t know it was such a blissful experience, such a wonderful experience. This is Samadhi. Then Vishaya Vishayee Sambhogakarsh. The Vishaya, the object and the Vishayee, the seer. The seer becomes one with the seen when there is a joining, joining of the two things, the ocean, the eyes, the seer; and the ocean is the object, Vishaya; Vishayee is the eyes. And when the eyes completely merge with the ocean. Then there is a inner samadhi. So Samadhi is a merger, Samadhi is absorption. Patanjali describes Tadeva Arthamatra Vibhasa Swaroopa Shunyam Vivasamadhihi. Swaroopa shunya, that the seer as if he is gone, as if he is lost. And Tadeva Arthamatra Vibhasa, when you are in that feeling, you are in that meaning of the object and even the object you are not seeing; you are opening your eyes but you are not seeing the ocean. That is a wonderful expansion. What happens to the mind? Its from here that the mind starts jumping into the higher levels of consciousness, super-consciousness. When you go to deep sleep everyday, when you are lost the mind gets frozen, gets jumped into a lower level of consciousness. We call it unconscious. From unconsciousness, from the Sushupti we come up to the consciousness in the wakeful world. But in the wakeful world you have to transcend, the wakeful Triputi, to go the super consciousness level, that is the Samadhi. What is the result of that expansion of consciousness. The result is a experience of immense bliss, unparalleled bliss because bliss is silence, transcendence is featured by bliss, peace. And also it is an phase in which we have tremendous amount of knowledge that blossoms up because now you are fathoming a higher level of consciousness. Not only that you start getting new powers. All the sidhis start from the level of Samadhi and the Kundalini awakens in the Samadhi. That means the gross energy, the prana shakti gets transformed into the subtle form. The Biria gets transformed into Ojas; Ojas is the subtle form of energy and we are moving from the sthula to sukshma, from the Annamaya Kosa to Pranamaya Kosa. Therefore there is going to be a transformation not only at your mind level, gradually even the body starts getting transformed. We feel so light as if you are flying up and as you go deeper and deeper into the Samadhi in fact it happens, the body flies up. That’s called as the levitation, a great sidhi. So that is the goal of the Ashtanga Yoga; Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama Pratyahara, Bahiranga Yoga, Dharana, Dhyana, culmination of that is Samadhi. After the first Samadhi you have to stabilize the Samadhi and go into the higher and higher levels of Samadhi featured by higher power, higher knowledge, higher bliss each time going up. This is the whole of the Raja Yoga that we have been talking about